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Ancestors of Albert Edward LATAS

Notes


15925376. Alan FITZWALTER

2nd High Steward of Scotland

Alan was the eldest son of Walter Fitzalan by his spouse Eschyna de Londoniis, of Molla & Huntlaw, and succeeded, upon his father's death in 1177, as High Steward of Scotland.

Alan FitzWalter accompanied Richard the Lionheart on the Third Crusade, from which he returned to Scotland in July 1191.[2][3]

A Royal Grant to Kinloss Abbey, signed at Melrose Abbey was made between 1179 and 1183. Amongst the witnesses are the Abbot of Melrose, the Abbot of Newbottle, Richard de Morville, Constable of Scotland, Alan, son of Walter the Steward, and William de Lauder.[4]

Alan FitzWalter became a patron of the Knights Templar and is responsible for expanding Templar influence in Scotland.

He appears as a witness to other charters of William The Lion.[5]

He was married twice[2][6]: firstly to Eva, who is usually named as the daughter of Sweyn Thor'sson, though some historians dispute Eva's parentage. He married secondly Alesta, daughter of Morggán, Earl of Mar[2] [7], by whom he had issue:


15925380. Somerled

Somerled (Old Norse Sumarliđi, Scottish Gaelic Somhairle, commonly Anglicized from Gaelic as Sorley) was a military and political leader of the Scottish Isles in the 12th century who was known in Gaelic as ri Innse Gall ("King of the Hebrides"). His father was Gillebride of Clan Angus who had been exiled to Ireland. The name, a common one amongst the Vikings, means summer traveller and is a kenning for Viking.[1]

Somerled first appears in historical chronicles in the year 1140 as the regulus, or King, of Kintyre (Cinn T́re) when he marries Raghnailt the daughter of Olaf (or Amhlaibh), King of Mann and the Isles. The year 1153 saw the deaths of two kings: David I of Scotland and Olaf of Mann. There was much confusion and discord as a result and Somerled took his chance - making offensive moves against both Scotland and Mann and the Isles, the latter having been inherited from Olaf by Somerled's brother-in-law, Goraidh mac Amhlaibh.

A summoning was sent to Somerled Dougal - Somerled's own son by his wife, the daughter of the Manx king - to move so he might be "King over the Isles". In 1156 Goraidh was defeated in battle against 80 ships of Somerled's fleet and the two enemies partitioned the isles between them. Goraidh kept the islands north of Ardnamurchan with Somerled gaining the rest. However, two years following this Somerled returned to the Isle of Man with 53 warships. He defeated Goraidh again and this time forced him to flee to Norway. Somerled's kingdom now stretched from the Isle of Man to the Butt of Lewis.

Thus both Viking and Scot formed one people under a single lord and came to share a single culture, one way of life - they were to become a powerful and noted race known as the Gall-Gaidheal, literally meaning 'Foreign-Gaels'. It was upon the seas their power was situated under the rule of the Kings of the Isles yet new enemies arose in the east. The Stewarts made inroads in the west coast and eventually Somerled assembled a sizeable army to repel them. He advanced to the centre of the Stewarts' own territory, to Renfrew, where a great battle was fought in 1164. Much confusion surrounds the manner of the battle, and indeed whether a battle occurred at all, but what is certain is that Somerled was assassinated, after which his army retreated from the area.

Following the death of Somerled several powerful lords emerged from within his kingdom. The lordship was contested by two main families; that of Somerled and his descendants and that of the descendants of Goraidh mac Amhlaibh. During the 12th and 13th centuries the Scandinavian world saw much change in methods of rule and administration which ultimately resulted in more strongly centralized, unified kingdoms such as Denmark and Norway. However, this did not happen in the Kingdom of the Isles, which was instead absorbed into the greater Kingdom of Scotland, albeit its place in that state and the loyalty of its inhabitants to the King of Scots would remain peripheral and temperamental for centuries to come.

In 2005 a study by Professor of Human Genetics Bryan Sykes of Oxford led to the conclusion that Somerled has possibly 500,000 living descendants - making him the second most common currently-known ancestor after Genghis Khan. [1] [2] [3]


15930404. Earl Robert De BRUSE VII

BIOGRAPHY: Earl of both Carrick and Annandale


15930406. Earl Donald MARR

Donald (Sir),6th Earl of Mar; knighted 1270; one of the leading Scottish nobles who recognised Alexander III's daughter Margaret as heir to the throne after her father's death Feb 1283/4; following Margaret's death 1290 supported Robert the
Bruce but was one of the seven Earls of Scotland who referred a decision in the matter to Edward I of England, to whom he swore fealty as overlord 13 June 1291; nevertheless was a leading participant in the Scottish Uprising against the English
shortly afterwards, being captured by them following the Battle of Dunbar 27 April 1296 and renewing his allegiance to Edward I thereafter. [Burke's Peerage]